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Unit 3

The idea of plural

 

 

The first idea to be discussed in this paper lies on the idea of plural. Plural here refers to the form of a noun or a verb which refers to more than one person or thing. English expresses plural implicitly by creating patterns how to use –s and –es. Indonesian on the other hand expresses plural explicitly. No definite rules how to create a plural form of a word except by reduplicating it, e.g rumah-rumah, mobil-mobil . The idea of plural can be clearly seen trough the following examples:

 

Indonesian

English

Serigala itu binatang

A wolf is an animal

Wolves are animals

Wolf is animal

Hiu itu ikan apa mamalia?

Is a shark fish or mammal?

Are sharks fish or mammal?

Is shark fish or mammal?

Tukang pos selalu membawa surat

A postman always brings letters

Postman always brings letters

Hewan peliharaan membutuhkan perhatian   

A pet needs care

Pets need care

Pet needs care

 

 

From the example above, we can see that in English, the ideas of plural are expressed in many ways. A final –s or –es is added to a noun to make a noun plural. Sometimes, the changing a (man) to e (men) is also needed to indicate plural. A final –s or –es is added to a verb I when the subject is a singular noun (a wolf, a shark, a pet) or a third a person singular pronoun (she, he, it) (Azar, 1989).

 

 

 

Thu, 12 Sep 2013 @09:10

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