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Unit 6

Contrastive Analysis on Word Phrase

in a Sentence

 

 

The following are the examples of contrastive analysis found in words or phrases in a sentence. The word form formation in English is much different from Bahasa Indonesia. Pay attention to the table below.

Word/phrase

 

No.

English

B. Indonesia

Notes

1

Adjective + Noun

·     Handsome man

·     Sweet drink

Noun + adjective

·     Pria tampan

·     Minuman manis

Change position of word class

2

Adverb + Adjective

·     Very good

·     Rather crazy

Adverb + Adj/ adj + adv

·     Sangat bagus/ bagus banget

·     Agak gila

Change and No change

3

Adverb + verb/ verb + adverb

·     He drove a car carefully

·     He carefully drove a car

·     Carefully, he drove a car

Adverb + verb/ verb + adverb

·     Dia mengendari mobil dengan hati-hati

·     Dia dengan hati-hati mengendarai mobil

·     Dengan hati-hati, dia mengendarai mobil.

No change

4

Noun phrase + verb phrase

·     Aunty is in the garden

·     His wallet is on the table

Noun phrase + adv phrase

·     Bibi di kebun

·     Dompetnya di atas meja

Change word class

·  S + V + Compl (Engl)

·  S + Ket (Ind)

5

Noun phrase + verb phrase

·     Mother goes to the market by bicycle

·     Uncle went to Surabaya last night.

Noun phrase + verb phrase

·     Ibu pergi ke pasar naik sepeda

·     Paman pergi ke Surabaya tadi malam

No change of word class.

6

Noun phrase + verb phrase

·     Father was sick last night.

·     They were very noisy

Noun phrase + adj phrase

·     Ayah sakit semalam

·     Mereka sangat berisik

Sentence in English at leas there is a NP and VP.

7

Noun phrase + verb phrase

·     He is Andi

·     My father is a teacer

Noun phrase + noun phrase

·     Dia Andi

·     Ayah saya guru

 

Thu, 12 Sep 2013 @09:07

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