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Unit 11

The Importance of Doing

Error Analysis

 

Why is error analysis useful /necessary? How is it used in academic contexts?
Error analysis helps you to:

  • make your writing intelligible
  • make your ideas clear
  • get higher marks (some subjects allocate a percentage of the final mark to accuracy in grammar or lack of errors).

Who does an error analysis of your writing?

  • Ideally you do it yourself.
  • In addition, you should be able to write, evaluate and make required changes to your grammar independently , so that you know which areas you can correct yourself and which areas you need to learn more about.

How can error analysis be carried out?

  • Determine your most serious and frequent sentence errors.
  • Decide which ones to focus on first.
  • Develop a strategy for solving this particular problem.
    • eg. Revise the particular grammatical structure / error by reading a reference book and doing some exercises.
  • Look through your writing for examples of this structure or where you think this structure should be used / is being used incorrectly.
  • Make corrections.
  • Take note of any feedback from tutors, lecturers or other people who read your writing.

 

What are some frequent errors made by writers?

Error

Example

Articles

A mistake with the article - a, an, the, or 0 (the “zero” article)

La Trobe has big campus. Campus has many birds.

Correction:

La Trobe has a big campus. The campus has many birds.

Verb tense

A mistake with the verb tense.

Yesterday he enrol in the unit.

Correction:

Yesterday he enrolled in the unit.

Subject Verb Agreement

The subject and verb do not agree in number

Research are important.

Correction:

Research is important 

 

She read every day in the library.

Correction:

She reads every day in the library.

Singular / Plural    

A mistake with number (singular and plural)

She has read 2 book.

Correction:

She has read 2 books

Punctuation

Capital letters, full stops, or commas missing.

Her essay although extensively researched was not well-organised.

Correction:

Her essay, although extensively researched, was not well-organised.

Word Class

The word is in the wrong class.

Read every day improves her knowledge.

Correction:

Reading every day improves her knowledge.

Vocabulary

The wrong  word is used

New students need to be bendy so they can adapt to the new academic culture.
(The term ‘bendy’ meaning flexible is used to describe material not people)

Correction:

New students need to be flexible so they can adapt to the new academic culture.

Sentence structure

1.             The sentence is not complete

2.             perhaps is too long and needs to be reorganised

1. Even though football is played everywhere

2. There are a number of beautiful beaches around the coast of Australia where people often go in summer to spend their holidays and swim or surf which is a popular sport for many in fact sports are popular in Australia especially Australian Rules football which is a game played in many states although soccer is now becoming a popular sport.

Spelling

Check for words such as there/their
To/too/two

 

Thu, 12 Sep 2013 @09:01

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