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Unit 12

Model of implementing

Error Analysis

 

This model of Implementation of Error Analysis is conducted by taking 5 samples of students. Pay attention to the data and how to classify and correct the errors. What has been stated in the previous unit that the procedure in error analysis has some steps, they are (1)  collecting of the sample; (2)  identifying of the error; (3)  explanation of the error;  (4)  classification of the error and  (5)  evaluation of the error.

Pay attention to the following 5 samples of error analysis based on the procedure mentioned above.

 

Student 1

No.

Data

Error Classification

Error Correction

1

I was born in Jakarta August 2, 1988.

Add a word

I was born in Jakarta on August 2, 1988.

2

I am oldest in my family.

Add a word

I am the oldest in my family

3

his name is Johan, he is 15 years old.

Capitalization, add a word

His name is Johan, and he is 15 years old.

4

My hobbies are write poem, listen to radio.

Word form, add a word, article

My hobbies are writing poem, listening to the radio

5

… my father get many parcel from sosro.

Word form, singular-plural, capitalization

… my father gets many parcels from Sosro.

6

I interested in join reading poem competition

Add a word, word form, article

I was interested in joining a reading poem competition

7

English is very necessary.

Word choice

English is very important.

8

When I was senior high school

Add a word

When I was in senior high school.

 

 

 

Student 2

No.

Data

Error Classification

Error Correction

1

I ever danced on the stage in independenced day

Word choice, word form

I ever danced on the stage on independence day

2

I played the doll with my friends in my free time.

Article

I played a doll with my friends in my free time.

3

I want to work at embassy company.

Article

I want to work at an embassy company.

 

 

 

 

Student 3

No.

Data

Klasifikasi kesalahan

Perbaikan kesalhan

1

When I was a child, I used to play jump rope and hid and seek with my school’s friends.

Word form, omit a word.

When I was a child, I used to play jump rope and hide and seek with my shool friends .

2

After I finish my study in here, I planned to go to other university to continue my study and also get a job in order to.

Verb tense, word choice,  incomplete sentence..

After I finish my study in here, I planned to go to another university to continue my study in order to get a job.

 

 

 

Student 4

No.

Data

Error Classification

Error Correction

1

I am a second from my family.

Article, word choice

I am the second in my family

2

My parents both my mother and my father work.

Omit a word, word order

Both my parents work.

3

When I was in 6 years old.

Omit a word

When I was 6 years old.

4

When I was a child, I am very bad girl.

Verb tense, article

When I was a child, I was a very bad girl.

5

I always followed them like played football, fishing, and played with the other boys.

Word form

I always followed them like playing football, fishing, and playing with  other boys.

6

I like played with my brother, sleep, read in my free time.

Word form, add a word

I like playing with my brother, sleeping , reading a book in my free time.

7

… and my hobbies are sing, read, jogging, shopping and etc.

Word form, omit a word.

… and my hobbies are singing , reading , jogging, shopping, etc.

 

 

 

Student 5

No.

Data

Error Classification

Error Correction

1

My father is a officer and my mother is a housewife.

Article

My father is an officer and my mother is a housewife.

2

I have two sister and one Brother.

Singular-plural, capitalization

I have two sisters and one brother .

3

When I was senior high school, I lived in my aut’s house but just one years.

Add a word, Spelling, singular-plural

When I was in senior high school, I lived in my aunt’s house but just one yea r.

4

… because we have boarding house, so my father asked me to lived in our boarding house.

Article, word form

… because we have  a boarding house, so my father asked me to live in our boarding house.

5

Some interesting when I was a child, I used to go to mall with my friends and swimming and sometimes I runned or jogging and in free time I used to sleep and sometimes listen music.

Add a word, word form.

Some interesting things when I was a child, I used to go to mall with my friends and go swimming and sometimes I ran or jogged and in free time I used to sleep and sometimes listen to music.

6

I didn’t continued my study after I finished secondary school.

Word form

I didn’t continue my study after I finished secondary school.

 

The finding of data analyzed above can be seen at the table of recapitulation of students’ error in writing below.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Recapitulation on Students’ Writing Errors

Error Classification

Students

Total

Percents

(%)

1

2

3

4

5

Singular-plural

1

-

-

-

1

2

7,6%

Word form

1

1

1

1

1

5

19,2%

Word choice

1

1

1

1

-

4

15,3%

Verb tense

-

-

1

1

-

2

7,6%

Add a word

1

 

 

1

1

3

11,5%

Omit a word

-

-

1

1

-

2

7,6%

Word order

-

-

-

1

-

1

3,8%

Incomplete sentence

-

-

1

-

-

1

3,8%

Capitalization

1

-

-

-

1

2

7,6%

Article

-

1

-

1

1

3

11,5%

Spelling

-

-

-

-

1

1

3,8%

Meaning not clear

-

-

-

-

-

-

0%

Total

5

3

5

7

6

26

100%

 

B.   Data Interpretation

      From the calculation of error analyzes of students’ writing above can seen that : word form is in the first rank (19,2%) followed by word choice ( 15,3%), Article and add a word  ( 11,5%), Omit a word, singular-plural, verb tense, and capitalization (7,6%), Word order and Incomplete sentence   (3,8%) and the least error is on Meaning not clear , that is (0%).

 

C. Discussion

1) Singular-plural

       The word ‘sister’ must be in the form of plural ‘sisters’ because after the word ‘two’ must be plural form.

(1)        I have two sister and one brother                              (wrong)

            I have two sisters and one brother                             (right)

 

2) Capitalization

       The word ‘Brother ’ must use small case letter ‘b’ not ‘B’ because is written in initial position.

(1)        I have two sister and one Brother                              (wrong)

            I have two sisters and one brother                             (right)

       The word ‘sosro’ must use capital letter ‘Sosro’ because it is the name of conpany.

(2)        … my father gets many parcel from sosra .                 (wrong)

            … my father gets many parcel from Sosra .                (right)

 

3) word-form

       The word ‘sing’ and ‘read’ must ‘singing ’ and ‘reading ’ because they are functioned as gerund   (Verb-ing form functioned as Noun)

(1)        and my hobbies are sing , read , jogging, shopping    (wrong)

            and my hobbies are singing, reading, jogging, shopping  (right)

       The word ‘join’ should also be ‘joining’ because it is functioned as gerund , it is after preposition ‘in’.

(2)        I am interested in join reading poem competition .     (wrong)

            I am interested in joining reading poem competition (right)

 

4) omit a word

      Phrase ‘my mother’ and ‘my father’ are not used anymore because there is the word ‘my parents’ which has the meaning ‘both my father and my mother’ .

(1)        My parents both my mother and my father work .      (wrong)

            Both my parents work                                                 (right)

 

5) article

       The use of article ‘a second’ should ‘the second’ because it is used for cardinal number.

(1)        I am a second in my family                                         (wrong)

            I am the second in my family                                      (right)

       The word ‘the doll’ in this sentence is must be ‘a doll’ because the word ‘doll’ is not understood yet by the readers (indifinite article)

(2)        I played the doll with my friends in my free time .       (wrong)

            I played a doll with my friends in my free time.          (right)

 

6) word choice

       The use of preposition ‘in ’ is the right preposition rather than ‘from ’ because it has the meaning ‘in a family’.

(1)        I am the second from my family                                 (wrong)

            I am the  second in  my family                                                (right)

       The word ‘important ’ is more suitable used than the word ‘necessary ’ in the following sentence.

(2)        English is very necessary                                            (wrong)

            English is very important                                            ( right)

 

7) spelling

       There is misspelling in the word ‘aut’s house’’ which must be ‘aunt’s house’ .

(1)        I lived in my aut’s house.                                            (wrong)

            I lived in my aunt’s house                                           ( right)

 

8) verb tense ,

       Kata ‘am’ pada kalimat di bawah ini harusnya ‘was ’ karena kalimat tersebut merupakan kalimat bentuk past tense .

 

(1)        When I was a child, I am a very bad girl                    (wrong)

            When I was a child, I was a  very bad girl                  (right)

 

9) incomplete sentence

       The word ‘in order to’ must be followed by phrase and it can’t stand alone at the end of a sentence.

(1)        After I finish my study in here, I plan to go to another university to continue my study and also get a job in order to           (wrong)

            After I finish my study in here, I plan to go to another university to continue my study in order to get a job.                        (right)

 

10) Add a word

       In this sentence needs addition of word ‘in’ .

(1)        When I was  a senior high school                                 (wrong)

            When I was in senior high school .                               (right)

 

11) Word order

        In this sentence besides it needs ommition of phrase, it also needs to be in a good structure or word order.

(1)        My parents both my mother and my father work .      (wrong)

            Both my parents work                                                 (right)

 

Thu, 12 Sep 2013 @09:00

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