Unit 7


Concluding the Lesson





  “Time is up. We have to stop now”




Practice the conversation!


Mr. Roy      : Time is up. We have to stop now!

Students   : But we are not finished yet, Sir.

Mr. Roy      : It doesn’t matter. Let’s conclude our lesson today.

                  What’s the conclusion, Lisa?

       Lisa      : Well, the conclusion is …

Mr. Roy      : Okay, what we can draw from our lesson today is…

                   Any opinions?

  Students   : I have different opinion, Sir. My conclusion is that ……

Mr. Roy      : That's also right. It’s a good opinion, Tom.

                   Any other opinions? Or …. questions?

  Students   : No, that’s enough, Sir.

Mr. Roy      : That's all for today. Thank you for your attention. Bye!

  Students   : You’re welcome, Sir. Bye.



Here are some optional expressions based on the conversation above.


1     We have to stop now.

That's all for today.

It’s time to stop.

It’s time for break


2     We can conclude our lesson today, that …

The conclusion from our lesson today is...

The conclusion is …


3     The conclusion we can draw from this is …

What we have been talking about is …

Okay, we have discussed …



Here are some more language expressions we can use in the classroom!


Time to stop

It's almost time to stop.

I'm afraid we'll have to stop here

That's all for today, thank you.

Time is over. Tidy your desk before you leave the class.

It's time to finish.                            

Let's stop  now!                              .

Let's check the answers!                

Collect your work please!  

Are your desks tidy?                      


Not time to stop.

The bell hasn't gone yet.

There are still two minutes to go.

We still have a couple of minutes left.

Your watch must be fast.

We have an extra five minutes.

Sit quietly until the bell goes!

Sit quietly until the bell rings!

Just hold on a minute!


Giving Conclusion

We can conclude our lesson today, that ………

The conclusion from our lesson today is …….

The conclusion is ……..

It can be concluded that ……….

Tom, please conclude what you have learned today.

Will you conclude about our lesson today?

Tina  What can you conclude from our lesson today?

Summarizing and Concluding

The conclusions we can draw from this are …

What we have been talking about …

Okay, we have discussed …

So far (up until now), I have been trying to show you …

The important points to remember are …



The last step is . . .                                     

The last thing you do is . . .                         

In the end,                                                 

When you've finished,                                            

When you've completed all the steps,



In conclusion,

To conclude,

To summarize,

To sum up,


Wait a minute

Hang on a moment!

Just hold on a moment!

Stay still  where you are for a moment!

Just a moment, please!

One more thing before you go home.

Back to your places!


Next time

We'll do the rest of this chapter next time.

We'll finish this exercise next meeting.

We've run out of time, so we'll continue next meeting.

We'll continue this chapter next Monday


Accepting and Refusing

Accepting and refusing politely may depend on what you are asked. For examples :

Would you like some more explanation?

Yes, please.                              No, thank you
Sure. Thanks                            I'd better not
Okay. Thank you                      No, but thanks for offering

Would you like to join an English club?

Okay. Sounds good.                 No, I'd rather not.
Sure. I'd love to.                       I'm sorry, but I can't.
Yeah. Good idea.                     No, but thanks for inviting me.


How about going on vacation this weekend?

Great. What time?                      Sorry. I'm busy this weekend.
It sounds like fun.                       I am not sure, I can.
All right. When and where?        How about some other time?


   D   LANGUAGE FOCUS: Request

If the name of pupil is used as well, the order of the name and ‘please’ can vary. ‘Please’ before the verb, however, may sound more formal:


‘Please’ before verb

‘Please’ after verb

Tom, please come here

Please, Tom, come here

Please come here, Tom

Tom, come here please

Come here, please, Tom

Come here, Tom, please


Notice that when several pupils put their hands up to answer and the teacher wants to select a particular pupil, he can do so using ‘please’.

            Number 7. Yes, Karen, please.

            Right, the next one. Err, Mohammed, please


1.   Want and like used in questions can be used to express requests:

            Would you like to write that on the board?

            Do you want to try the next one?

            Would anybody like to be the narrator?


2.   One of the most commonest forms of request in English involves the use of a modal auxiliary, can, could, will and would . Of these ‘would’ and ‘could’ are the politest.

            Could you share with Anne today

            Would you prepare chapter 24

            Will you write this out neatly at home

            Can you say that again


3.   The word ‘please’ is very frequently used in request form:

            Could you please try question 5 at home

            Would you come out to the front, please

            Can you write that on that on the board, please


4.   An extremely common variation involving the modal auxiliaries makes use of a tag-like ending:

            Clean the board, would you

            Try it again, will you

            Do number 6, could you

            Open the window, can you


5.   The following polite forms are also common. Notice the various forms of complementation:

            Do you think you could write this out at home?

            I wonder if you could say it in your own words

            Would you mind sharing today?

            Do you mind repeating what you said?



Featured Articles:




Unit 1       Starting the Lesson

Unit 2       Drawing Students’ Attention

Unit 3       Checking Students’ Understanding

Unit 4       Asking to the Board

Unit 5       Giving Homework

Unit 6       Giving Command

Unit 7       Concluding the Lesson

Unit 8       Making Questions

Unit 9        Asking and Giving Opinions

Unit 10    Checking Homework

Unit 11    Clarifying Students’ Comment

Unit 12    Saying Goodbye

Appendix    Language Functions



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Sun, 13 Jan 2013 @01:40

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