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Grammar Translation Method (GTM)

 

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o   What are the goals of teachers who use the GTM?

 

§  A fundamental purpose of learning a foreign language is to be able to read literature written in the target language.

 

o   What is the rule of the teacher? What is the role of the students?

§ The roles are very traditional. The teacher is the authority in the classroom. The students do as she says so  they can learn what she knows.

 

o   What are some characteristics of the teaching/learning process?

§  Students are taught to translate from one language to another.

§  Students study grammar deductively.

 

o   What is the nature of student-teacher interaction? What is the nature of student-student interaction?

§  Most of the interaction in the classroom is from the teacher to the students.

§  There is little student initiation and little student-student interaction.

 

o   What areas of language are emphasized? What language skills are emphasized?

§  Vocabulary and grammar are emphasized.

§  Reading and writing are the primary skills that the students work on.

§  There is much less attention given to speaking and listening.

§  Pronunciation receives little, if any, attention.

 

o   What is the role of the students’ native language?

§  The meaning of the target language is made clear by translating  it into the students’ native language.

§  The language that is used in class is mostly the students’ native language.

 

o   How is the evaluation accomplished?

§  Written  tests in which  students are asked to translate from their native language to the target language or vice versa are often used.

 

o   How does the teacher respond to student errors?

§  Having the students get the correct answer is considered very important.

§  If students make errors or do not know an answer, the teacher supplies them with the correct answer.

 

 

REVIEWING THE TECHNIQUES OF GTM

 

o   Translation of a literary passage

o   Reading Comprehension questions

o   Antonyms/synonyms

o   Cognates

o   Deductive application of  rule

o   Fill-in-the-blanks

o   Memorization

o   Use words in sentences

o   Composition

 

 

 

Wed, 1 Jun 2011 @12:43

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