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Teaching Writing

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The Writing Process and Process Writing

(Anthony Seow)

 

1   PROCESS WRITING

> We need to systematically teach students problem-solving skills connected with the writing process that will enable them to realize specific goals at each stage of the composing process.

 

4 basic writing stages

o     Planning

o     Drafting

o     Revising

o     Editing

1   PLANNING (Pre-writing)

o     Group Brainstorming

Ø  Group members spew out ideas about the topic.

o     Clustering

Ø  .students form words related to a stimulus supplied by the teacher.

o     Rapid Free Writing

Ø  Individual students freely and quickly write down single words and phrases about the topic.

o     Wh- Questions

Ø  Students generate who, why, what, where, when and how questions about a topic.

 

2   DRAFTING

Ø  Teacher – student, student – student.

Ø  Students/ writers focused on the fluency of writing and are not preoccupied with grammatical accuracy or the neatness of the draft.

 

3   RESPONDING

Ø  Responding intervenes between drafting and revising

 

4   REVISING

Ø  Students review their text on the basis of the feedback given in the responding stage.

 

5   EDITING

Ø  Students are engaged in tidying up their texts as they prepare the final draft for evaluation by the teacher.

Ø  They edit their own or their peer’s work for  grammar, spelling, punctuations, etc.

 

6   EVALUATING

Ø  Analytical à based on specific aspect of writing ability.

Ø  Holistic à based on a global interpretation of the effectiveness of that piece of writing.

 

7   POST WRITING

Ø  Publishing

Ø  Sharing

Ø  Reading aloud

Ø  Displaying texts on notice boards

 

TYPES OF WRITING

(H. DOUGLAS BROWN, 2001)

1        Imitative, Writing down

Ø  Imitate from the text (English letters, words, or sentences)

Ø  dictation

 

2        Intensive, Control Writing

Ø  Change present tense to past tense

Ø  Guided Writing

Ø  Dicto-comp

 

3        Self-Writing

Ø  Note-taking

Ø  Diary or journal writing

Ø  Dialogue journal (student records thought)

 

4        Display writing

Ø  Shot answer exercises

Ø  Essay examinations

Ø  Research reports

 

5        Real writing

Ø  Academic

Ø  Vocational/technical

Ø  Personal à diaries, letters, post cards, notes,  personal messages, etc.

Ø  Dialogue journal (student records thought)

 

COMPONENTS OF WRITING

Haris (1974:68-69)

General  components:

   a.   Content: the substance of the writing the ideas expressed.

   b. Form: the organization of the content.

   c. Grammar: the employment of grammatical forms and syntactic patterns.

   d. Style: the choice of structures and lexical items to give a particular tone to the writing.

   e. Mechanics: the use of the graphic conventions of the language.[1]



[1] David P. Haris, Testing English as the second language , Tata Mc. Graw-Hill, 1974. p. 68-69

 

Tue, 31 May 2011 @14:17

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